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November, 2013

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Model Joint Business Group Based Knowledge for Fishermen Community Empowerment Strategies: Recommendation

(1) Expected KUB models based knowledge can be applied by governments and KUB itself in order to generate added value for improving the welfare of fishing communities
(2) The government was expected to focus more on fostering the KUB as an organization that bases its development to science. Therefore, the government needs to prepare some software or hardware to perform strengthening institutional (institutional strengthening).
(3) KUB Board needs to learn continuously to improve the performance of organizations, including the deepening of knowledge about coaching and supervision to preserve fish resources

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Model Joint Business Group Based Knowledge for Fishermen Community Empowerment Strategies: Joint Business Group (KUB),Conclusion

Model Joint Business Group Based Knowledge for Fishermen Community Empowerment Strategies: Joint Business Group (KUB),ConclusionThe next stage was to make the table associated with the relative levels of the driving forces and barriers to estimate the relative strength (strength) drivers and inhibitors:

(1) The performance of the current as the output of two mutually counteracting forces against each other to achieve a level of balance;
(2) Required level power analysis for weighting the relative strength (strength) drivers and inhibitors;
(3) Analyze and determine the value of the level of force that must refer to the values that have been done before;

There was power (force) which has a relative strength (Strength) was very strong and there were very weak.

Based on Figure 5., then necessary to linkages between organized forces following steps:

(1) To examine the relationship between the amount power can be used the cross-impact matrix (cross-impact matrix);
(2) Everyone has the power to connect another;
(3) Give the value of the relationship between the driving force and the driving: Drivers and barriers, and the barriers and obstacles;
(4) Through the cross-impact matrices can be determined by adding up the value of linkage linkage by adding up the value of all the forces.

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Model Joint Business Group Based Knowledge for Fishermen Community Empowerment Strategies: Joint Business Group (KUB)

KUB in Cirebon City that studied were 9 KUBs. 9 KUBs was a target of the study given the results of SEM analysis showed that the institutions in coastal areas key to successful community development programs through diversification. Joint Business Group (KUB) fishing was a non-legal entity or that have been incorporated in the form of a group formed by the fishermen by the agreement / consensus all members who are guided by a shared desire to strive together and collectively accountable to raise revenues member. KUB formation can be done on the basis of similarity of business and multi-faceted nature of inter-related and need to be pursued as far as possible to accommodate the interests of KUB’s member. In this research government institution (SKPD) which handles KUB not be the target, because the actual spearhead community empowerment was KUB. Based on Table 3 above, then arrange on the power constraint, the relative impact and ease of solution Table 4. 

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Model Joint Business Group Based Knowledge for Fishermen Community Empowerment Strategies: WOT Analysis

Model Joint Business Group Based Knowledge for Fishermen Community Empowerment Strategies: WOT AnalysisFor the fishing community empowerment strategy through diversification in the fishing town of Cirebon solid, note the external factors and internal institutions to realize a steady in coastal areas. Institutions can be defined into two parts: first, as the institute was institutional, agency/organization incorporated for managing activities and second, the institutionalization of values or institutionalized. (Dahuri et al., 2008). Institutional coastal areas in this study include three (3) aspects: institution as an organization. In this regard there were three aspects that were developed, namely: first, an increase in the ability of the personnel who work instituted, and mobilize the energy to work instituted, both providing office facilities, equipment and materials as well as other facilities to operate the institution, and the third was the provision of funds operations and maintenance and Development to finance the institution. SWOT Analysis first created the internal conditions and external analysis using Internal Factors Analysis Summary (IFAS) and External Factors Analysis Summary (EFAS).

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Model Joint Business Group Based Knowledge for Fishermen Community Empowerment Strategies: Results and Discussion continue

The results of treatment were presented in following Table 2. The results of Table 2. showed chi square a large (659.146> 363.783) and a probability value below 0.05 is equal to 0.000. However, the value of GFI (0.8 <0.814 <0.9), TLI (0.8 <0.904 <0.95), CFI (0.8 <0.919 <0.95), and RMSEA (0.077 <0.08) was compliant so it can be said that the model used in accordance with the data. After conducting an assessment of the assumptions that exist in the SEM, will further hypothesis testing. Testing four hypotheses proposed in this study was based on the value of Critical Ratio (CR) of a causal relationship.

Explanation of Figure 4. above provide that information to the fishermen community empowerment strategy through diversification of activities in the territories captured in the of Cirebon city solid was the institutional aspects of coastal areas.

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Model Joint Business Group Based Knowledge for Fishermen Community Empowerment Strategies: Results and Discussion

Model Joint Business Group Based Knowledge for Fishermen Community Empowerment Strategies: Results and DiscussionAfter analyzing measurement model through confirmatory factor analysis and see that each indicator can be used to define a latent construct, then a full SEM models can be analyzed. Analysis of the data processing stage full SEM models was done by testing the suitability and the test statistic. The results of processing data for a full analysis of SEM models show in
Figure 2. Suitability indices as the model used in the confirmatory factor analysis. SEM model testing was intended to look at the suitability of the model. The results of treatment were presented in Table 1.

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Model Joint Business Group Based Knowledge for Fishermen Community Empowerment Strategies: Materials and Methods

Fishermen worse off welfare level, two-factor, were: (1) natural factors associated with fluctuations in the fish, (2) non-natural factors, that factors associated with lameness in institutions for the results, the absence of social security crew, and network marketing of fish that was vulnerable to price fluctuations, limited fish processing technology, the negative impact of modernization, and the limited employment opportunities that can be accessed by the fishing community (Kusnadi, 2000).
The study was conducted in 27 villages in three districts of coastal Mundu and Cirebon District, coastal of Cirebon city. The respondents sample was representative of proportional each coastal community, while the fishermen were divided into several strata, for example, the strata fishing gear, fishing aquaculture, commercial fisherman, fishing skipper fish, fish processing. In the present study used a sample size of 124 respondents. In this study collected two types of data, namely primary data and secondary data. Primary data was collected through interviews and direct observation to respondents. Secondary data was sourced from the department of marine and fisheries Cirebon city, village offices, district offices in the form of literature, studies and reports.

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Model Joint Business Group Based Knowledge for Fishermen Community Empowerment Strategies: Introduction, Fishing community

Model Joint Business Group Based Knowledge for Fishermen Community Empowerment Strategies: Introduction, Fishing communityProblems utilization of fish resources in the coastal waters of Cirebon city trended down from year to year, due to high exploitation in the area of dense water fishing gear, most of the fishermen catching fish in sea water ranges in the Java Sea, such as the north coast of Cirebon, so overfishing occurs. Factors causing overfishing was the volume of fish catch has declined, the size of the fish were caught fishing grounds getting smaller and further away from the beach so it take longer. This resulted in increasing the cost of going to sea, and at the same time tends to decrease the income of fishermen. Besides the rate of catching fish resources in excess of potential production of sustainable. This condition was the cause or the most dominant form of poverty fishermen were natural factors (Abdullah, 1993).
Fishing community empowerment approach was a solution to overcome the problem of poverty. Bangladesh rural development expert explained that empowerment refers to the word “empowerment”, which means the process was to develop the ability to empower people to eventually be self-sustaining community. Further Haque argues that community development is a collective action that affects individual welfare, so that the meaning was to empower individuals to build a society capable of independent and able to solve their own problems. 

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Model Joint Business Group Based Knowledge for Fishermen Community Empowerment Strategies: Introduction continue

It was recognized that not all people have the ability fishermen optimal utilization of marine resources due to constraints on fishing locations were solid, fish stocks began to decrease and it was seasonal, the acquisition of knowledge and technology in the field of fisheries and marine resource potential was varied, which not all waters have the potential catch. Therefore fishermen in each coastal region has a different character in the utilization of coastal areas, making it less threat of environmental damage and fish resources be serious. The potential of fish resources were depleted, the density and the ability of fishermen fishing locations that vary due to obstacles of knowledge and advancement of technology, it was necessary to look for other alternatives in the use of coastal areas, so the utilization of coastal areas can be done optimally to improve the welfare and preservation of the coastal environment (Haque et al., 1998).
Diversification of business for a few families of fishermen in coastal areas need to be implemented, so the fishing community efforts were not only focused on fishing effort, but also can be directed at other businesses outside the field of arrests. Diversification efforts were expected to provide the opportunity of fishing communities, to increase their income when not to fish because there were other sources of income to sustain their lives.

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Model Joint Business Group Based Knowledge for Fishermen Community Empowerment Strategies: Introduction

Model Joint Business Group Based Knowledge for Fishermen Community Empowerment Strategies: IntroductionDevelopment of fisheries sector in Indonesia was expected to contribute to the five important components of national development goals, namely: (1) economic growth (pro-growth), (2) expansion of employment (pro job), (3) reduction of poverty (pro poor), (4) pro-environment, and (5) mainstream (pro gender). However, until now the development of fishery resources has not shown a significant economic contribution to national development (Yafiz et al., 2009). Based on reports CBS (2011) Gross Domestic Product (GDP) more fishing than agriculture, due growth in 2007-2010 reached 27.3 percent/year. In the third quarter of 2011, the contribution of fisheries to GDP reached 19.85 percent agricultural groups or second ranks after food. Meanwhile, the increase in fisheries production has increased significantly, which in 2009 amounted to 5.1 million tons to 5.3 million tons in 2010. For the record exports in 2009 amounted to 2.48 billion dollars, and in 2010 to 2.8 billion dollars, and soared in 2011 amounted to 3.2 billion dollars. Then in 2011 to 5.4 million tons or an increase of about 1.79 percent and the achievement of export value in the period 2007 to 2011 have increased on average higher, at 9.72 percent/year.

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